The smallest university town in the UK with a population of less than 3,000; outside of Oxford and Cambridge, Saint David's University College is the oldest degree-awarding institution in England and Wales.
The Norman castle of Pont Steffan occupied a strategic position beside the River Teifi; it was destroyed in 1187 and the remains of the castle later became the foundations for a college building that still forms part of the university campus. In the C18th Lampeter was an important gathering place for the Drovers who gathered herds of cattle and sheep to be walked all the way to the markets of south-east England.
Today it is still an agricultural centre and Farmers Markets are held on alternate Fridays. South-east of Lampeter at Pumpsaint is the site of the old Roman Dolaucothi gold mine which is now managed by the National Trust; visitors can obtain a firsthand glimpse of the conditions in which gold miners worked in those times.